Anchor Bolt Types and Foundation Bolts Used in The Construction Industry

Anchor bolt types and foundation bolts used in construction industry

Today’s construction industry is getting advanced day by day using the latest technology and techniques to construct unique buildings by utilizing various anchor bolt types. These are not only beautiful in design and growing taller than the tallest structures but they are also constructed in such a way that they can endure extreme weather conditions. Imagine a kite, it goes higher and higher with the increase in wind velocity. These buildings that are constructed in today’s times are like kites. They are also being constructed in such a way that their height is surpassing the previously constructed sites. But unlike the kite, these high-rise constructions don’t go soaring in high wind and are held firmly in place because there is a foundation that is holding them to the ground. Foundation is the most important base on which all constructions are done. If the foundation is not strong enough then the whole construction is a waste of time, money, resources, manpower and literally everything. Because a strong foundation is the basic necessity that holds a structure in its place, endures all the weight of the structure and increases the life span of the structure however high it might be. That is the reason why foundation bolts are used extensively in the construction industry.

Today the construction industry comprises some structural elements and some non-structural elements. These two elements are connected to each other using the anchor bolt collection. For example, columns are attached to the foundation using anchor bolt or foundation bolts. Anchor bolts are also a real necessity in the construction industry. As they are the ones that help in stabilizing the steel framing during any construction. They even aid in transferring the horizontal and vertical loads from the framing to the foundation. In addition, an anchor bolt even helps in securing the frames of the building to the foundation, usually used in groups of four. There are predrilled holes in a plywood template in which each of the anchors is placed in a group. This helps keep the corresponding anchor bolt in proper alignment.

There are many types of anchor bolts, a few of them are listed below:

1) L Type Anchor Bolt

L-type anchor bolts, as the name suggests are bend at 90° on one end to form the L shape. The L-type anchor bolt is cast in place, i.e.; they are inserted into the fresh concrete as soon as it is poured. The concrete secures the bolt in place. The bend at one end of L type anchor bolt is specifically designed to grab onto the concrete structure. This is done to make sure that it cannot be pulled out of the structure after the concrete has hardened. The bend provides pull resistance and anchorage to the bolt. L-type bolts are most commonly used while attaching a plate member to a masonry foundation. It also provides anchors to lightweight post bases. The L-type anchor bolt applications include anchoring structural columns, heavy equipment and tooling, light poles, bridge rails, and sign structures.

2) J Type Anchor Bolt

J-type anchor bolt is an elongated bolt hooked at one end in such a way that it creates a J shape. It is similar to the L-type anchor bolt with just a small difference that the curved end is shaped like the letter J. Just like the L-type, here also the bent structure is sunk into the concrete as soon as it is poured. The hardened concrete secures the bolt in place. For securing an object a nut is screwed onto the exposed end of the bolt. The application of J-type anchor bolts commonly includes structural support like securing walls to concrete foundations.

3) Straight Anchor Bolt

Straight anchor bolt as the name suggests are straight in shape with various head options like hex head, heavy hex head, square head. They sometimes have an anchor plate welded at the one end of the Straight anchor bolt. The headed end of the Straight anchor bolt is embedded in the concrete foundation to provide pull-out resistance. The straight anchor bolts are manufactured with different types of heads because they allow them to be set easily and also to provide heavy-duty pull resistance. They are used to secure structural steel columns, light poles, bridge rails, and substation structures. Straight anchor bolts provide enhanced strength to the structure.

4) Half Threaded Stud Anchor Bolt Type

Half threaded studs have a thread that is only half the length of their body. The other half part that is not threaded is called the shank. Partially threaded bolts are often used for water pumps, motor mount alternators, and other automobile fastenings. The precision length of the threaded stud is very important. The grip length of the bolt delivers the alignment needed whereas the shank is used to increase sheer capacity as well as the performance of sheer bonding.

5) Full Threaded Stud Anchor Bolt Type

Full threaded studs are often referred to as full threaded rods. Here the threading runs along the whole length of the rod. It can be of varying lengths threaded in a helical structure. A full-threaded stud has immense grip strength. The threaded stud combines linear and rotational movements to create strong resistance to pressure. They are designed to withstand high levels of pressure and tension. Once it is mounted, a full threaded stud spreads pressure along its entire length with the largest holding pressure placed on the head where it meets the material to which it is fastened. They are used in a variety of applications effectively working as a pin to fasten or connect two materials together. They are also used to stabilize structures. Other than that, they can be inserted into various materials like concrete, wood, metal, etc. to temporarily create a steady base during construction or they can be installed permanently.

To conclude, anchor bolt is used across several major industries today and holds strong importance in the foundation of any structure. Foundation bolts form a strong base and are available in various sizes and materials. So now that you’re aware of the various foundation bolts used in the construction industry along with several anchor bolts types, feel free to share any queries pertaining to the same below. Hope you enjoyed reading the article, for more information on the anchor bolt materials and sizes, do visit our industrial fastener products section today.